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La représentation

 

 

 

Kabuki 001

La plupart des pièces de Kabuki ont été écrites pendant les 17ième et 18ième siècles, de ce fait la langue japonaise dans laquelle elles sont écrites est difficile à comprendre, même pour les japonais. Il existe environ 300 pièces dans le répertoire classique du Kabuki. Au théâtre Kabuki-za de Tokyo, on peut se procurer une version anglaise du programme ou louer des écouteurs avec lesquels on peut entendre des explications en anglais sur le spectacle.

Les représentations de Kabuki sont généralement trés longues et sont divisées en de nombreux actes. If you are new to Kabuki, or don't have much time, you can view one act from the 4th floor. This area is available for people who can't stay through the whole performance, so they can leave during the break between acts without disturbing other people. The tickets for one act are called Makumi. These tickets are not sold in advance, but are available 20 min before each act.

   
Kabuki La miko Okuni

Music is an integral part of the art of kabuki. While several kinds of instruments arc used in kabuki, both to accompany chanting and independently, the principal one is a three-stringed, called shamisen. Hence, the whole body of music associated with kabuki has been referred to as shamisen music. In a historical or domestic play, as the curtain opens upon a scene, the music starts, stirring to life the otherwise inanimate atmosphere of the stage.

The musicians are hidden from view in the left corner of the stage.

The music serves as a leitmotif of the play; it gives the cue for the actor's entrance; and to its accompaniment, the actor conducts his dialogue and performance.


   

Kabuki Taiko Druming

An other instrument played an important part in the Kabuki performances: the taiko.

A dozen or more different kinds of taiko were used to accompany the colorful dramas. They were also played regularly in folk music and at festivals throughout the country. Some were large and some were small, but they were all called taiko. In the case of a dance-drama, the musicians are in full view of the audience, and the music assumes a much more dominant part. Kabuki music is classified into about a dozen categories, according to different schools. Among these, the most frequently used today are nagauta, tokiwazu, kiyomoto, and gidayu, the latter always being used in a drama adapted from the puppet theater.

Besides music proper, there are numerous kind of audio-effects employed in a kabuki performance. The most unique among them is the sounding of wooden clappers signaling the opening and the closing of a kabuki play. It is repeated in rhythmical, staccato measures. The wooden clappers are also used as one of the musical percussion instruments in the course of the performance.

   

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